62.96%的零售投资者帐户在跟这个供应商交易差价合约时录得资金亏损。
差价合约是复杂的金融交易产品,可带来由于杠杆作用而导致迅速亏损的高风险。 62.96%的零售投资者帐户在跟这个供应商交易差价合约时录得资金亏损。您应当考虑您是否充分明白差价合约如何运作,以及您是否能承受您的资金损失的高风险。
75.12% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs / Spread betting with this provider.
Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 75.12% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs / Spread betting with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs / Spread betting work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.
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為什麼外匯市場喜歡使用MT4軟件?-ATFX科普

熟悉外汇市场的第一步就是熟悉MT4,就像士兵上战场之前都要熟悉自己的武器一样。 MT4由迈达克公司开发,在外汇市场行情分析软件领域可谓是霸主一般的存在,自2005年一经发布,就以病毒般的传播速度扩张开来截至目前,有超过95%的经纪商把它做为官方合作软件并推荐给客户。

1、使用者可以自由编写EA和指标

MT4最大的杀手锏,是独特而有效率的MQL4语言编辑功能。用户可以通过这一简单的编程语言,写出任何自己想要的自动化交易程序(EA)和个性化的技术指标。

在MT4出现之前,交易者只能使用行情软件自带的技术指标,并且只能修改指标参与,不能改变逻辑框架。想要按照自己的思路设计一款指标或者自动化策略,基本是无法实现的。 MT4的横空出世,弥补了这一空白。只要简单学习MQL4编程语言,就能够在行情面板上添加任何自己想要的分析工具。

就算你不想学编程,也可以找到专业的第三方替你编写,并且收费不高,所有人都能承受。受到MT4的带动,中国很多行情分析软件都开始加入程序编写功能,比如文华财经、交易开拓者等等,然而它们做得都不够好,没有MT4的简单高效。

2、用户界面简洁,有条理

大道至简,越是简洁的软件,越是受到金融市场的喜爱。大部分行情软件都进入了一个误区,认为集成更多的功能到软件当中,就能够吸引更多的使用者。

MT4却剑走偏锋,抛弃了大部分使用率低的功能,将常用功能放在最显眼的位置,使用者再也不用被各种乱七八糟的按钮折磨。中国股票市场的行情软件就是典型的反面教材。软件一打开,所有信息都摆在首页,虽然看起来非常专业,但让人眼花缭乱,一时间难以理出头绪。

ATFX_forex-trading-mt4

3、自由度高

如果你不喜欢MT4的基础颜色,那么可以自主更改配色。右键属性当中的颜色面板,有丰富的自定义选项。要知道,欧美的交易者将红色看作下跌,将绿色看作上涨;而亚洲地区的交易者与之相反,红色代表上涨,绿色代表下跌。这样一个显而易见的问题,只有MT4考虑到了,其他软件都只能提供一种配色方案。

MT4包含众多的技术指标,并且这些技术指标都留有大量的自定义选项,用户可以根据自己的喜好自由调整。要知道,新一代的交易者并不喜欢使用一成不变的指标,他们喜欢自己动手调整。如果行情软件将大部分参数都设为默认值且不可更改,那它注定会被新一代交易者抛弃。

4、策略回测

MT4软件不光能够自由编写EA软件,还可以对编辑好的EA进行策略回测。这是一项非常实用的功能,是量化交易爱好者的福音。

现在很多行情软件模仿MT4的策略回测功能,但测试一圈下来,都没有MT4做的全面细致。举一个最简单的例子,MT4可以进行Ticks级别的策略回测,也就是按照每一笔订单进行测试。这需要强大的服务器后台数据支撑,绝大部分行情软件做不到这一点。

5、导出历史交易记录和资金曲线

这一功能并非MT4独有,但MT4做得是最完善的。尤其是导出历史记录之后,会自动生成详细的统计指标。比如胜率、盈亏比、最大回撤百分比等等,这对于交易者判断自己交易策略的好坏起到了关键的作用。

小结

需要特别说明的是,迈达克公司已经宣布停止更新MT4软件,现在他们正在力推MT5行情分析软件。 MT4和MT5的区别不大,界面相似度很高,只是在细节处理上存在差别。客观来说,MT5的功能更加完善,比如交易周期的选择,MT4只能选择固定的几个周期,而MT5可以自定义周期。但是,外汇市场的主流依旧是MT4,使用MT5的用户少之又少。

之所以会这样,一部分原因是大家已经习惯了MT4,并且它也没有明显的缺陷,MT5的改进属于非必要选项;另一方面是因为,基于MT4的第三方EA和指标已经非常丰富,而MT5的编程语言和MT4不完全互通。如果使用MT5软件,就必须对自己的EA重新进行编写,这是一项巨大的任务,而且得不偿失。笔者看来,MT5最终将会取代MT4,但这将需要一段非常漫长的时期。

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Last Updated: 19/11/2021

This market commentary and analysis has been prepared for ATFX by a third party for general information purposes only. Any view expressed does not constitute a personal recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell as it does not take into account your personal circumstances or objectives, and should therefore not be interpreted as financial, investment or other advice, or relied upon as such. You should therefore seek independent advice before making any investment decisions. This information has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. We aim to establish and maintain and operate effective organisational and administrative arrangements with a view to taking all reasonable steps to prevent conflicts of interest from constituting or giving rise to a material risk of damage to the interests of our clients. The market data is derived from independent sources believed to be reliable, however we make no representation or warranty of its accuracy or completeness, and accept no responsibility for any consequence of its use by recipients. Reproduction of this information, in whole or in part, is not permitted.


 

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